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Research
  Research Station Information
   
  Name of Research Station & Year Of Establishment
  Regional Agricultural Research Station, KARJAT
   
  Postal Address
  Associate Director of Research, Regional Agricultural Research Station, KARJAT 410 201, Dist. Raigad.
   
  Telephone & Fax Nos. ( Office & Residence Nos.)
  Office Nos : Tel ( o) 02148 222035
                                02148 220862

Fax 02148 222035

Residence Nos : (02148) 222082
   
  Email Address
  adrkjt@vsnl.net
   
  Major Activities
 

1. Research and Extension work on Rice

2. Research on improvement of Rice crop

3. Research on Rice based cropping system

4. Co-ordination of Rice research in the state

5. Co-ordination of multi-disciplinary research in the zone

6. Agricultural Extension

   
  Area Details ( In Hectares )
 
Area Details (In Hectares)    
Total Area Held : 26.90 ha
Area Under Cultivation : Kharif : 23.50 ha,   Rabi   : 7.80 ha
Area under building, roads, bunds & drainage etc. : 2.70 ha
Area under west land : 0.70ha
(Cultivable : 0.50 ha + Uncultivable : 0.20 ha)
     
Net Area Available : 23.50 ha
Area under Research : 12.00 ha
Area under Seed production : 6.50 ha
Area under Horticulture : 5.00 ha
   
  Details of various schemes implemented at Research Station ( Including Ad Hoc Schemes )
   
Sr
No
Name of the Scheme Sponsoring Agency Status of Scheme (Per. / Ad Hoc ) Commencement Year Crops covered under the scheme Period of the Scheme Present Status of Scheme

1

Agril. Research Station (ARS)

Govt. of Maharashtra

Permanent

1972

Rice

Non-Plan

In continuation

2

All India Coordinated Rice Improvement Project (AICRIP)

ICAR (DRR)

Permanent

1984

Rice

Plan

--''--

3

NARP Phase-I (Non-Plan)

Govt. of Maharashtra

Permanent

1985

Crops suitable for the zone

Non-plan

--''--

4

NARP Phase-II (Non-plan)

--''--

Permanent

1989

--''--

--''--

--''--

5

All India Coordinated Rsearch Project on Cropping Systems (AICRP)

ICAR

PDCS

Permanent

1993

--''--

Plan

--''--

6

NATP – Hybrid Rice

ICAR (DRR)

Ad-hoc

1999

Rice

Ad-hoc (1999-2003)

--''--

7

NATP – R – ZARS – KVK

ICAR (ADG)

Ad-hoc

1999

Crops suitable for the zone

--''--

--''--

8

NATP Economic Analysis of Rice based cropping system in coastal Agro-Ecosystem of India (EARCS)

ICAR (AED) Coastal

Ad-hoc

1999

--''--

--''--

--''--

9

Study of Sapota seed borer in Thane district

ICAR (ADC – Hort.)

Ad-hoc

2002

Sapota

Ad-hoc (2002-05)

--''--

10. All India co-ordinated Research Project on Rice Improvement
( AICRIP)
ICAR
DRR,  (Hydribad)
Plain 1994
(June)
Rice 5 years Continued
11. All India C0-ordinated Research Project on Integrated Farming system (AICRP-1FS) ICAR
New Delhi (Modipuram)
Plain 1993
(April)
Rice
Pulses,
Oil Seeds, Vegetables
5 years Continued
12. Research & Extension work on Rice (ARS) State Govt. Non-plain - All crop - Continued
  TOP
  Special Achievements/ Notable Contributions of the Research Stations
   
Sr. No. Special Achievement/ Notable Contributions made Year of Achievement / Contribution

1.

Six rice varieties have been developed through pure line selection method by using local rice genotype. 1919 to 1954

2.

Four rice varieties have been developed through hybridization utilizing Tall Indica

1919 to 1970

3.

Eight Rice varieties have been developed and released through hybridization with dwarfing gene, fertilizer responsive with high yield potential suitable for different ecosystems.

1970 to 2007

4.

Four Rice hybrids were developed and released through Heteorosis breeding

1998 to  2007

5.

Six CMS lines were developed using WA cytoplasm through back cross breeding using locally adaptable high yielding rice genotypes, having better panicle and stigma exertion, out crossing rate and are stable in pollen and spikelet sterility.

2002 to 2007

6.

The seed production and cultivation packages were developed and refined for Sahyadri rice hybrid through various experiments at the research station and these were recommended to cultivators and seed growers within the state and the country.

The chemical 200 g NAA / ha is identified to substitute GA3 use in Hybrid rice seed production.

2002

7.

Total 1821 field demonstrations on hybrid rice cultivation and seed production of released rice hybrids were conducted, since 1998-2006, involving 2874 beneficiaries.  It has created awareness and confidence amongst the rice farmers to harvest the advantages of hybrid rice.

1998-2006

8.

Total 45 field days were organized involving 2631 farmers.

1998-2006

9.

Total 50 training programmes involving 29 on hybrid rice commercial cultivation and 21 on its seed production aspects were organized by the station for disseminating the requisite knowledge and skills.

 

10.

Organized meeting on ‘Popularization of hybrid rice in Maharashtra State’ sponsored by International Rice Research Institute, Philippines, DDR, Hyderabad and Dr. B.S. Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth., Dapoli at
Taj Blue Diamond Hotel, Pune on dated 15/12 /2001
2001

11.

Organized ‘Stake holders workshop for developing strategies for rapid promotion of hybrid rice in targeted areas in Maharashtra State’ sponsored by International Rice Research Institute, Philippines, ICAR, New Delhi, DDR, Hyderabad and DBSKKV., Dapoli at Hotel Pride, Pune during 6/10/02 to 10/10 /2002 2002

12.

Organized ‘Meeting on popularization of hybrid Rice in Maharashtra State’ sponsored by ICAR, New Delhi and DBSKKV, Dapoli at R.A.R.S. Karjat on dated 29/01/ 2003 2003

13.

Meeting for preparation of action plan for promotion of Hybrid rice in Maharashtra State for the years 2003-2007 sponsored by International Rice Research Institute, Philippines, ICAR, New Delhi, DDR, Hyderabad, Dept of Agriculture, MS., Pune and DBSKKV, Dapoli was organized at Commissioner Office, Central building, Pune during 26/03/03 to 28/03 /2003. 2003
14. Meeting to work-out the modalities for establishing to partnership between public and private Sector in India and Philippines for popularization and adaptation of hybrid rice technology in the State sponsored by International Rice Research Institute, Philippines, ICAR, New Delhi, DDR, Hyderabad, Dept of Agriculture, MS., Pune and DBSKKV, Dapoli at Hotel Pride, Pune during 11/05/03 to 12/05/2003 2003
15.

‘Zonal conference on Hybrid Rice : Problems and Prospects’ sponsored by Directorate of Rice Development, Patna at DBSKKV, Dapoli,was organized during 29-30, Nov. 2004 .

2004
16. MOU for hybrid rice seed production :
Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli made MOU with M/s. Syngenta India Pvt. Ltd. And Maha Bij for large scale Sahyadri rice hybrid seed production during the year 2000.
2000
17. Awards and Rewards to RARS., Karjat station
‘A-grade’ : Regional Agricultural Research Station, Karjat was awarded ‘A-grade’ for its excellent research and extension work on hybrid rice under the NATP mission mode Hybrid: Rice project during National Group meeting on NATP- Hybrid crops project at IARI, New Delhi on 22nd July 2003.
2003
18. ‘Award of Excellence’ : Similarly Regional Agricultural Research Station, Karjat was honored with the ‘Award of Excellence’ for it’s outstanding contributions in the development and promotional efforts for Hybrid rice technology in the state during “International workshop on public-private sector partnership for promotion of Hybrid rice technology” at Pune on 12th Nov. 2003. 2003
19. MOU for hybrid rice seed production :
Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli signed MOU with four private companies i.e.  M/s. Ajit Seeds Pvt. Ltd., M/s. Nirmal Seeds Pvt. Ltd., M/s J.K. Agro. Genetic Pvt. Ltd., M/s Kirtiman  Genetic Pvt. Ltd. for large scale Sahyadri 1, 2, 3 & 4 rice hybrid seed production
2008
20. It is recommended to use Urea and Suphala (15;15;15) in 1:5:1 proportion to prepare briquettes by using briquetter machine. Further application of Urea-Suphala briquettes is recommended as alternative to Urea-DAP briquettes to rice crop to increase yield and to decrease fertilizer cost. 2009
21. It is recommended to apply Glyricidia mulch @ 1 ton/ha in between two lines along with recommended dose of fertilizers for getting healthy rice seedlings and effective weed control. 2009
 
  TOP
Varieties Released
   
 
Sr. No. Crop variety Year of release Duration Average yield (q/ha) Characteristics
Rice varieties developed by selection method
1 Kolamba-42 1924 130-135 29.48 Short slender
2 Zinia-31 1934 125-130 24.00 Short slender
3 Zinia 149 1934 145-150 29.20 Medium slender
4 Kada-68-1 1946 115-120 24.77 Long Bold
5 Mahadi 4-4 1954 115-120 24.72 Long Bold
6 Garvel 1-8 1954 150-152 23.88 Long Bold
   
 
Rice varieties developed by hybridization followed by selection method
7 Kolamba-540 1934 130-135 24.73 Short slender
8 Bhadas-1303 1954 135-140 37.51 Short Bold
9 Zinia 14 1958 145-150 33.11 Medium Slender
10 Zinia-63 1959 125-130 25.09 Short slender
   
Rice varieties developed and released through hybridization from 1970 to 2007
   
 
karjat184 Name of the variety Karjat 184
Year of release 1971
Duration 100 to 105 days
Grain type Medium slender
Grain yield/ha 30 to 35 q/ha
Special feature Moderately resistant  to Blast
   
 

karjat1

Name of the variety Karjat 1
Year of release 1987
Duration 105 to 110 days
Grain type Short bold
Grain yield/ha 35-45 q/ha
Special feature Resistant to BLB &,BPH
Moderately resistant  to Blast
   
 

karjat1

Name of the variety Karjat 2
Year of release 1994
Duration 138 to 140 days
Grain type Long slender
Grain yield/ha 40-45 q/ha
Special feature Resistant to blast & NB Moderately resistant to BLB
   
 

karjat1

Name of the variety Karjat 3
Year of release 1994
Duration 115 to 120 days
Grain type Short Bold
Grain yield/ha 40-45 q/ha
Special feature Resistant to blast & NB Moderately resistant to BLB
   
 

karjat1

Name of the variety Karjat 4
Year of release 1998
Duration 110 to 115 days
Grain type Short slender
Grain yield/ha 30-35 q/ha
Special feature Resistant to sheath rot Moderately resistant  to BLB
   
 

karjat1

Name of the variety Karjat 5
Year of release 2006
Duration 125 to 130 days
Grain type Long Bold
Grain yield/ha 45-50 q/ha
Special feature Moderately resistant to blast & BLB
   
 

karjat1

Name of the variety Karjat 6
Year of release 2006
Duration 130 to 135 days
Grain type Short Slender
Grain yield/ha 40-45 q/ha
Special feature Moderately resistant to blast & BLB
   
 

karjat7

Name of the variety Karjat 7
Year of release 2007
Duration 115 to 120 days
Grain type Long Slender
Grain yield/ha 40-45 q/ha
Special feature Moderately resistant to blast & BLB
  TOP
  Rice hybrids developed and released through heterosis breeding from 1998 to  2007
   
 

sahyadri

Name of the variety Sahyadri
Year of release 1998
Duration 125 to 130 days
Grain type Long Slender
Grain yield/ha 65-70 q/ha
Special feature Moderately resistant to blast & BLB
   
 

sahyadri2

Name of the variety Sahyadri-2
Year of release 2006
Duration 115 to 120 days
Grain type Long Slender
Grain yield/ha 55-60 q/ha
Special feature Resistant to NB & FS Moderately resistant to BLB, SR Tolerant to SB and BPH
   
 

sahyadri3

Name of the variety Sahyadri-3
Year of release 2006
Duration 125 to 130 days
Grain type Long Slender
Grain yield/ha 65-75 q/ha
Special feature Resistant to NB Moderately resistant to Blast Moderately resistant to WBPH
   
 

sahyadri4

Name of the variety Sahyadri-4
Year of release 2006
Duration 115 to 132 days
Grain type Long Slender
Grain yield/ha 60-65 q/ha
Special feature Moderately resistant  to, NB,  RTV Tolerant to SB
  TOP
Research Schemes
 
Sr. No. Name of project Sponsoring Principal Investigator Name of Principal Investigator Place Implementation Year of Commencement
1. Network Programme
On organic
Farming (NPOF)
ICAR
New Delhi
(Modipuram)
Chief Agronomist RARS Karjat 2004
2. Rice Knowledge Management Portal (RKMP) ICAR
New Delhi
Dr.R.L. Kunkerkar RARS Karjat 2009
For 2.5 Years
   
Other Research Activities :
   
  1. To serve as a major center for exchange of research material and information.

2. To act as cooperating center for testing of rice cultures under All India Coordinated Rice Improvement Project.

3. To coordinate rice improvement programme for Maharashtra State.

4. Collection and maintenance of germplasm.

5. Production of nucleus seed of released rice varieties.

6. To identify profitable and efficient cropping systems for different Agro climatic region with special emphasis on cereals, oil seeds, pulses and fodder crops.

7. To develop integrated nutrient management techniques for major cropping systems with emphasis on local available resources.

8. To develop package of practices for organic farming for different cropping systems.

9. To study the nutrient response and nutrient efficiency of rice genotype under high and low input management.

10. To develop easy and economic methods of chemical weed control.

11. To identify lines for broad spectrum of resistance to major rice diseases & pest.

12. To develop need based management methods for major plant diseases & pest.

13. Soil testing of different soil types.

14. Research work on soil problems in the region.

15. Creation of basic statistical data related to region

16. To test economic viability of technologies to be developed by the biological scientist.
  TOP
 Research – Agricultural Engg. And Technology :
   
 
Product Name : --
Work : --
Features : --
   
  Research – Fisheries :                                                   --
   
Animal Science e.g. Goat, Poultry Birds, Rabbit etc :                                                   --
   
Dairy Science e.g. Cow, Buffalo, Main Projects, Big Projects, fodder grasses :         --
   
Research Crops :
   
 
Name of the crop        RICE
Botanical name         Oryza sativa L
Cultivation           Land should be ploughed at proper soil moisture (at vapsa condition) crosswise. Picking of stubbles should be followed.
Puddling at proper water level in the rice field & followed before transplanting operation.
Level the rice field uniformly so as to keep optimum water level.
Climatic conditions More than 1700 mm rainfall, 18º to 35 º temperature , 60 to90 % humidity, 3 to 9 sunshine hours/day throughout the growth period
Sowing method Line sowing of rice seed on raised bed be followed.
Sowing of sprouted seeds (Rahu) on puddle field be followed under high rainfall
area of coastal Konkan zone.
Sowing of seed by drum seeder is advisable on puddle field.
Transplanting of seedling
Spacing 15X15 cm2 for early duration varieties,
20 X 15 cm2 for midlate and late duration.
Nursery management Seedlings are raised by both dry and wet condition nursery method.
Prepare the field selected for nursery area thoroughly by repeated ploughing followed by uniform leveling.
Prepare raised seed beds of one meter width, 15cm height and of convenient length.
Provide adequate irrigation and drainage facilities by forming the channels all around the seed beds.
For a 100 square meter nursery area, apply 250 kg FYM, 1 kg urea and 3 kg single super phosphate before seeding.
Soak the seed in 3% brine solution and discard the floated seeds and wash it thoroughly 2-3 times with the fresh water.
Treat the seed with Thiram or Emison @ 2.5 g/kg or carbendazim 1g/kg for the control of seed borne pathogen.
Sow the seed in the lines to the depth of 2 cm. cover the sown seed by soil. 
water the seed bed 2-3 time in a day with watering can.
Apply 2 Kg urea per guntha area after 10 and 20 days after sowing.
Use butachlor @ 1.5 kg a.i. per hectare for control of weeds on seed bed.
Fertilizer and manure application  Apply 10 tone FYM /ha at time of puddling .
Use 100 N : 50 P2O5 : 50 K2O/ha. Nitrogen dose should be applied in 3 split.
Apply basal dose of 40 kg N and full dose of P and K at the time of puddling. Apply second dose of nitrogen @ 40 kg N/ha at 30 to 40 days after transplanting. Third dose of nitrogen @ 20 kgN/ha be applied at panicle initiation stage (70 to 80 days after transplanting).
Use urea DAP briquette @ 170 kg/ha at 7 to 10 cm depth in four point rice cultivation method
Soil type                  Medium Black
Crop duration Very early : Below 100 days,   Early : 100 to 120 days
Midlate    :  121 to 135 days,  Late   : 136 to 150 days
Late          : above 150 days
Varieties  
 
Varieties Grain type Duration Yield (q /ha.)
Karjat 184 Medium slender 100-105 30-35
Karjat 1 Long Bold 105-110 35-45
Karjat 3 Short Bold 115-120 40-45
Karjat 4 Short Slender 110-115 30-35
Karjat 7 Long Slender 115-120 45-50
Karjat 5 Long Bold 125-130 45-50
Karjat 6 Short Slender 130-135 40-45
Karjat 2 Long Slender 138-140 40-45
Sahyadri Long Slender 125-130 6.5-7.0
Sahyadri-2 Long Slender 115-120 5.5-6.0
Sahyadri-3 Long Slender 125-130 6.5-7.5
Sahyadri-4 Long Slender 115-120 6.0-6.5
   
 
Seed rate/ha Conventional varieties :  40 to 50 Kg/ha,    Hybrid varieties  :  20 Kg/ha
Harvesting Harvest the crop near the ground level at 90 % physiological maturity with the help of Vaibhav sickle at ground level.
Use paddy reaper for harvesting of rice.
  TOP
Features planning for research activities:
   
A) Plant Breeding
   
  1. Collection and maintenance of rice Germplasm.

2. Evolution of high yielding, semi dwarf, fertilizer responsive rice varieties with good milling and cooking qualities, different grain types suitable for different ecosystem and resistant to different biotic and abiotic stresses.

3. Evolution of high yielding, semi dwarf  rice varieties suitable for organic farming

4. Development of New Ideotypes with higher harvest Index to enhance the yield levels of rice. New plant type will be designed to have fewer tillers, none of which will be unproductive, long panicle, each with 300-350 grains and more than 95% spikelet fertility, thicker, sturdier stems, thicker dark green and erect leaves and a vigorous root system.

5. Development of Basmati type, aromatic rice varieties preferably with short and long slender grain type with good milling and cooking qualities.
6.  Development nutrition rich rice varieties by using biotechnological approaches.

7.  Development of high yielding rice varieties with fine and coarse grain type and early duration for Rabi / summer season.

8. Development of rice varieties resistant to brown plant hopper, gall midge, stem borer, blast and bacterial leaf blight through marker assisted selection (MAS).

9. Development of high yielding rice hybrids through Indica x Japonica crosses with good milling and cooking qualities and resistant to different biotic and abiotic stresses

10. Improvement in parental lines for developing new heterotic combinations

11.  Development of new cytoplasmic genetic male sterile (CMS) lines with good milling and cooking quality and desirable floral traits of different cytosterility sources. This will extend broad genetic base of the cytoplasmic male sterile lines, so as to prevent any possible catastrophe due to outbreak of biotic stresses like insect pests or diseases.

12. Evolution of genotypes tolerant for submergence during early growth phase.

13. Seed production technology of hybrid rice will be refined to obtain average seed yield of 2.5 to 3.0 tons per hectare, so that the cost of hybrid seed can be reduced to Rs. 50/- per kg.

14. The MOU with private seed business companies for large-scale seed production of high yielding varieties and newly released rice hybrids.
   
B) Rice Physiology  :
   
  1. To study the physiological attributes the enable adoption to low light intensity

2. To increase harvest index in tall growing varieties by using growth regulators
  TOP
C) Agronomy:-
   
  1. Evaluation of different crop establishment methods for increasing the yield of rice during Kharif & Rabi-hot weather season.

2. Agronomic studies of newly developed rice varieties and hybrids.

3. Integrated weed management in rice, planted by different methods.

4. Effect of different method of raising seedling on growth and yield of paddy.

5. Development of the low cost technology in rice cultivation

6. To study the nutrient response and nutrient efficiency of rice genotype under high and low input management

7. Identify new resource efficient potential, profitable and sustainable cropping systems through crop

8. diversification in rice based cropping systems.

9. Increase cropping intensity and standardize inter cropping and mixed cropping concept in various cropping systems.

10. Integrated nutrient management in different cropping systems.

11. Research on organic farming with special reference to green manuring and bio-fertilizers
   
D) Agro-Meteorology
   
  1. Predictive models will be developed for predicting monsoon rainfall on taluka basis

2. Interdisciplinary research will be undertaken in view of development of predictive models for disease/pest outbreaks.
   
E) Pathology :
   
  1. Research on low cost integrated management practices for major diseases in rice

2. Screening of advanced breeding lines ad hybrid against major diseases of rice

3. Testing bio-efficiency if now eco-friendly fungicides and bio-fungicides against major diseases of rice.

4. Studies on selection of new local strains of bacterial bio-control agent such as Pseudomonas fluarescens and Bacilus subfilis and generation of mass production technology.

5. Studies on selection effective local strains of bio-fertilizers and their use in rice and other crops and generation of mass production technology.
  TOP
F) Entomology :
   
  1. Research on low cost integrated management practices for major pests in rice

2. Screening of advanced breeding lines and hybrid against major pests of rice

3. Testing bio- efficacy of new ecofriendly insecticides against major pests of rice.
   
G) Agril. Chemistry and soil science.
   
  1. Research on environmental pollution related to agricultural activities and use of different inductrial wastes in agriculture.

2. Research on improvement in rice quality through improved plant nutrition.

3. Development of Urea briquettes containing different nutrients and plant protection chemical. Research work on development of region specific bio-fertilizers.
   
H)  Horticulture
   
  To undertake need based research work related to horticultural crops
   
I) Agril. Economics
   
  1. Socio-economic constrains in adoption of hybrid rice technology and measures to overcome them.

2. Economic analysis of rice based cropping systems.

3. Impact studied on technologies generated by SAU, various development schemes, assistance provided to the farmers by the Government of the state and identification of problems and constraints in the Agricultural development.

4. Analysis of socio-economic problems of farm women in diversification of agriculture towards income generation.

5. Study of problems of marketing of agriculture produce in North Konkan.
  TOP
 
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